Local Music and Dances, Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari
Music and poetry in Bakhtiyari Tribes have an ever lasting links to their lives. Bakhtiyari music tunes, are known as verses, which are 20-25 in numbers. Each clan has their own special group of musicians that are called "Tooshmal". Tooshmals have seperate clans and residing places. They gain their annual income by participating in various festivals and ceremonies such as wedding or mourning rituals. Farming and animal husbandry are considered to be their second occupational activities. One of the rigid customs that prevail is that they do not allow their women folk to marry out of their clan or visa versa (endogamy). Tooshmals being musicians and poetic in nature usually spend most of their times conjuring verses, anecdotes, riddles and proverbs. They contribute a great deal to the literature of Bakhtiyari Tribe. The musical instruments of Bakhtiyaries includes kettle drum, cymbals, flute, horn, drums and dulcimer. In the province of Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari, a variety of local dances are performed at festivals and other ceremonies. The famous dances are named as stick dance, wedding dance, handkerchief dance, Slow and fast dances as well as statue dance. The method of performance of such dances is breifly described as follows:In marriage ceremonies usually men and women dance all together and although custom of Hejab or Islamic veil is strictly observed (only for strangers) by women, the fanasticism of clan is to that extend that girls, fearing their father and brothers, never dare to talk to a stranger man; and if under suspicion, they will be punished; still in marriage ceremonies, girls are allowed to participate in group dances and hold the other dancer's hands.